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Arm Fractures

What are arm fractures?

The arm extends from the shoulder to the elbow by way of the Humerus bone and from the elbow to the wrist through the radius an ulna.  An arm fracture of break would consist of a crack in either of these 3 bones.


What are the causes of arm fractures?

Arm fractures most commonly occur from an fall on an outstretched upper extremity such a fall from a height such as a horse or bike. Arm fractures can also occur from a direct blow such as a contact sport or  a motor vehicle accident. A torquing or twisting injury may also lead to an arm fracture seen occasionally in arm wrestling or martial arts.


What are the symptoms of arm fractures?

Arm fractures usually cause pain, swelling, loss of movement and deformity. In some, numbness or loss of color may occur in the hand signifying a more significant injury.


How  to diagnose arm fractures?

A careful history is necessary to determine the exact mechanism of injury. An X-ray will usually reveal arm fractures. If the arm fractures involve the shoulder, elbow , or wrist joint, a CT scan will provide more detail. An MRI may be needed to determine if there is damage to the tendons or ligaments.


Treatment Options

Non-surgical treatment of arm fractures:

Arm fractures that are not separated and properly aligned or in children are frequently treated in a cast, brace or a sling.

Surgical treatment of arm fractures:

In children, if the arm fractures extend into the joint or growth plates, anatomic, perfect reduction is the goal and surgery may be necessary to achieve this by reducing the fracture under anesthesia and placing pins or by opening the arm fracture, reducing the fracture and placing pins.

In adults, similarly, arm fractures with joint involvement require a perfect reduction to minimize the chance of traumatic arthritis. Once reduced pins or screws are placed.  If the arm fracture involves the radius or ulna, plates and screws are usually required. If the arm fracture involves the humerus, plates and screws or a rod may be used.


How can Dr. Knight help your arm fractures?

Dr. Knight will quickly diagnose your arm fracture and relieve your pain while stabilizing your fracture in a splint or cast and expediting surgical intervention if needed to restore fracture alignment. Upon fracture healing, he will get you the rehabilitation you need to return to an active liefestyle as soon as possible.


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HandAndWristInstitute.com does not offer medical advice. The information presented here is offered for informational purposes only. Read Disclaimer